Oncology Patients With
Cylinders for Intracavitary
of Uterine Afterloading Applicators
for Intracavitary Radiation Therapy
Injection of Chromic Phosphate
Omental Pedicle "J"
With Bilateral Inguinal
Lymph Node Dissection
Vulva With Gracilis Myocutaneous Flaps
Flap and Vertical Rectus
Bilateral Pelvic Lymph
Node Dissection and With Extension of the Vagina
"J" Pouch Rectal
Omental "J" Flap
Continent Urostomy (Miami Pouch)
Gracilis Dynamic Anal
System Versus Skin Grafting
Pelvic Flap for
Augmentation of Continent Urostomy or Neovagina
of Hemorrhage in Gynecologic Surgery
of the Punctured
of a Lacerated
Internal Iliac Vein and
Suturing of a Lacerated Common Iliac Artery
Suspension of the Vagina
Not to Do in Case of Pelvic Hemorrhage
Associated With Abdominal Pregnancy
Versus Skin Grafting
Skin grafting has been an unusual but needed procedure in gynecologic
oncology surgery. The physiology of wound healing is dramatically improved
if wounds are covered as soon as possible and not left granulating
over a period of months.
A new instrument has been added to the gynecologic surgeons armamentarium,
the skin-stretching devise known as Sure-Closure (MedChem, Woburn,
The purpose of the operation is to cover an exposed defect on the abdominal
wall, vulva, or sacrum.
Physiologic Changes. The predominate physiologic
change is closure of the wound to prevent contraction and epithelialization.
Loss of fluid and protein from open wounds allowed to granulate over
a period of time is a major metabolic and nutritional problem.
Points of Caution. Care
must be taken to adequately mobilize the edges of the wound. The
wound should never be covered under tension.
The air dermatome should be held at an angle of 45-60°. Holding the
air dermatome at an angle of less than 45° produces (1) a split-thickness
skin graft that is chopped into pieces and (2) a donor site with an
The technique of skin-stretching via the device known
as Sure-Closure takes advantage of the processes of the "mechanical
creeping" produced by the Sure-Closure device, which applies a controlled
amount of tension evenly along two open wound margins of skin. The
mechanical stretcher uses the vesicoelastic properties of skin to stretch
in a reasonable time while minimizing the skins tendency to recoil.
Repeated cycles of stretching are performed over 30-40 minute period
of time until the skin margins can be brought in opposition for suturing
In an open wound of the abdominal wall with
the underlying rectus fascia closed with interrupted sutures,
the skin on either side of the defect is undermined for 2-3 cm
with the electrocoagulation device.
An air dermatome is demonstrated taking a
split-thickness skin graft. Note that the dermatome occupies
a 45° angle to the level of the donor site. The graft is grasped
with Allis forceps or skin hooks. The air dermatome is set to
produce a graft of 0.2 cm.
The donor site is covered with
a fine mesh gauze to prevent epithelial cells from growing through
the pores on regular gauze, debriding the donor wound with each
The graft is laid on the open wound, and
the margins of open wound are sutured to the margins of the split-thickness
The elements of the Sure-Closure
skin-stretching system can be seen here. They consist of two
straight needles, the two parts of the stretching device with
hooks that engage the two needles under the platform of the stretching
device. On one stretching device there is a strain gauge that
prevents the skin from stretching too rapidly. The upper platform
of the stretching device shows the needles but also shows the
locking system that prevents the device from unlocking after
the skin has been stretched.
The needles have been inserted along the
margins of the skin parallel to the wound. The stretching system
has small retained needles on the bottom of their platforms stuck
under the linear needles to provide a solid stretching system.
The strain gauge portion of the stretching system is engaged
into the receiving end and locked in place. The wheel screw of
the stretching system is turned, and the margins of the skin
are stretched. The strain gauge will show when the skin is being
stretched beyond its capacity. There is a clutch in the stretching
system that disengages the wheel crank when too much stretching
pressure has been applied to the skin; this allows for the skin
to recover before further stretching is allowed.
When the margins of the wound
have been approximated to each other, the wound is closed with
interrupted mattress sutures.
The devices have been set in place for a
radical vulvectomy incision. After stretching, tension has been
removed from the skin of the inguinal node dissection. The skin
of the vulva resection can be stretched to close the skin to
the margins of the vagina without tension through the skin-stretcher
The wound is closed following the stretching